Infantigo is one of the most common skin infections in children. Actually, the skin infection of infntigo is able to occur in adults but for the most of case, it is often occur in children. Is infantigo contagious? Yes of course, infantigo is very contagious. It is able to spread to others through close contact or by sharing cloths, towels, sheets, shoes, toys or other items. This is important to know that scratching can also spread the sores to other parts of the body. What causes infantigo? According to the research, the skin infection of infantigo is caused by one of two kinds of bacteria. It may due to strep (streptococcus) or staph (staphylococcus) bacteria. The strep (streptococcus) bacteria are the gram positive bacteria. These strep (streptococcus) are aerotolerant and an extracellular bacterium. Streptococcus bacteria made of non-motile and non-sporing cocci. This Streptococcus bacterium is the most dominant species which harboring the Lancefield antigen and it is often called streptococcus GAS. Then Staphylococcus bacteria are also known as golden staph. The staph (staphylococcus) bacteria are gram positive round-shaped bacteria which are a member of the Firmicutes. Usually, they are often found on the nose, respiratory tract and on the skin. The staph (staphylococcus) bacteria are the member of the normal flora of the body.
There is a treatment to get rid of infantigo. It is by giving the topical antibiotics and oral antibiotics. The topical antibiotics are applied onto the skin directly. In this case, the doctor maybe is going to prescribe a mupirocin such as Bactroban. There are also some doctors who are prescribing the fusidic acid. To make the antibiotic is able to get deep into the skin, you have to be removed the scabs gently before apply a mupirocin ointment. It is very important to wash affected areas of skin with warm and soapy water before you apply a topical antibiotic. Even, the latex gloves should be used once applying the cream of topical antibiotics. Do not forget to wash your hand after you apply it. The patient who has infantigo should do this treatment within five up to seven days. For people who get mild infantigo, usually, this is the great solution.
In other case, there are oral antibiotics. Usually, these oral antibiotics are prescribed once the infantigo is more widespread. The doctor also gives this oral antibiotic if the patient has not responded to topical antibiotics. There are oral antibiotics which very recommended such as anti-staphylococcal penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides, amoxicillin or clavulanate (Augmentin). For note, the oral antibiotics are able to have more side-effects than topical antibiotics. Its side effect is such as nausea. Giving antibiotics usually depends on the severity of infection and other factors such as the medical condition of patients and whether the patients have any allergies or not. In giving oral antibiotics, the patient who has infantigo should do this treatment within seven days. This is the explanation about the skin infection of infantigo. We hope this article is useful for you.