Have you seen children who has red spots in face especially in their mouth? Then, you see also blisters that eventually break and oozing a clear or cloudy like fluid. It is an infantigoinfection. So, what is infantigo infection? Infantigo is a bacterial skin infection that is caused by the Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria or Streptococcus. Usually, this skin infection infects children, but adults also can be infected. There are a few common symptoms of this skin infection. At first, there are red spots which then turn into blisters. The blisters finally break and coming out a clear or cloudy like fluid. After that, the fluid dries into a yellow-brown crust. Sores can be itchy and also painful. Infantigo can affect the skin anywhere, but usually it comes up on face, nose, mouth, hands, forearms, and behind the knees.
This infantigo staph infection is categorized into three types including nonbullous, bullous, and ecthyma. Nonbullousis is the most common from of infantigo. It generally begins with reddish spots which develop into small red blisters ranging in size from one to two centimeters that are located around the mouth and nose. The clusters of blisters can spread to the other skinareas. After several days, the blisters burst and develop a brownish-yellow crust. The surrounding skin will look red and raw. This skin infection is itchy, but not painful. When the crusts heal, the reddish spots will be faded and they do not leave scars.
Bullous is an infantigo skin infection that is caused by Staphylococcus aureus. It generally forms bigger blisters that are filled with a clear fluid which then becomes darker and cloudy. The blisters can be up to 2 centimeters in diameter. The blisters start on unbroken skin and are not surrounded by reddish areas. The blisters become limp and then burst open. After that, a yellowish crust forms over the sore. The blisters generally will not leave scars when they have healed.
Ecthyma infection forms small, pus-filled sores with a thicker crust. Ecthyma will go deeper into the skin than the other types of infantigo and it can be more severe, too. Occasionally, it is also followed by swollen glands. The blisters can be painful and then they develop into bigger, deeper sores between 0.5 and 3 centimeters in diameter. The sores progress to have a thick crust surrounded by reddish-purple skin. Ecthyma often comes up on buttocks, thighs, ankles, legs and feet. Untreated nonbullous or bullous infantigo sometimes can develop into ecthyma. The lesions will heal slowly and can leave scars after they heal.
So, how do you get infantigo? You can get infantigo from direct contact with a person who has it. You can also get infected by contacting with underwear, bedding, towel, clothes, toys, sport requirements and anything else which came in contact with an open sore. So, to avoid from getting infected, you need to wash the affected areas by using medicated soap or hand sanitizer, never touch the sores, and you can isolate the patient until you are sure that it is not contagious anymore.